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Shopping Malls in California

California, the most populous state in the United States, is famed for its diverse landscapes, ranging from sunny beaches to towering redwoods and rugged mountains. It is home to iconic cities such as Los Angeles, known for its entertainment industry and cultural landmarks, and San Francisco, renowned for its historic Golden Gate Bridge and tech innovation. The state's economy is a global powerhouse, driven by sectors like technology, entertainment, agriculture, and tourism. California's rich cultural tapestry is reflected in its vibrant arts scene, diverse cuisine, and multicultural communities. With its mild climate and abundant natural beauty, California offers a dynamic and captivating experience for residents and visitors alike.

1. The Grove - Los Angeles

The Grove - Los Angeles
Image Source: The Grove - Los Angeles

Address: 189 The Grove Dr, Los Angeles, CA 90036

Nearest Landmark: Adjacent to the Original Farmers Market

Accessibility: Fully accessible with ample parking and elevator access. Approximately 15 miles from Los Angeles International Airport (LAX).

Transportation: Accessible via the Metro Bus 14/37, 16/17/316, and 218.

Operating Days and Hours: Mon-Sat 10 AM - 9 PM, Sun 11 AM - 8 PM

Contact Info: (323) 900-8080

Target Market: Tourists, locals, and upscale shoppers.

Best Things to Do/See/Buy: Enjoy outdoor concerts and the dancing fountain. Shop at flagship stores like Nordstrom and Apple. Dine at renowned eateries like The Cheesecake Factory.

Ideal Budget: $50 - $200

2. Westfield San Francisco Centre - San Francisco

Westfield San Francisco Centre - San Francisco
Image Source: Westfield San Francisco Centre - San Francisco

Address: 865 Market St, San Francisco, CA 94103

Nearest Landmark: Near Powell Street BART station

Accessibility: Fully accessible with parking and public transportation options. Approximately 14 miles from San Francisco International Airport (SFO).

Transportation: Accessible via BART, Muni Metro, and multiple bus lines.

Operating Days and Hours: Mon-Sat 10 AM - 8:30 PM, Sun 11 AM - 7 PM

Contact Info: (415) 512-6776

Target Market: Tourists, tech professionals, and fashion enthusiasts.

Best Things to Do/See/Buy: Explore high-end brands like Bloomingdale's and Nordstrom. Visit the food court for diverse culinary options. Enjoy the architecture of the historic dome.

Ideal Budget: $50 - $250

3. South Coast Plaza - Costa Mesa

South Coast Plaza - Costa Mesa
Image Source: South Coast Plaza - Costa Mesa

Address: 3333 Bristol St, Costa Mesa, CA 92626

Nearest Landmark: Near Segerstrom Center for the Arts

Accessibility: Fully accessible with extensive parking and valet services. Approximately 3 miles from John Wayne Airport (SNA).

Transportation: Accessible via OCTA bus routes.

Operating Days and Hours: Mon-Sat 10 AM - 9 PM, Sun 11 AM - 6:30 PM

Contact Info: (800) 782-8888

Target Market: High-end shoppers, art enthusiasts, and tourists.

Best Things to Do/See/Buy: Shop luxury brands like Chanel and Gucci. Dine at upscale restaurants such as Din Tai Fung. Enjoy art installations throughout the mall.

Ideal Budget: $100 - $500

4. Fashion Valley - San Diego

Fashion Valley - San Diego
Image Source: Fashion Valley

Address: 7007 Friars Rd, San Diego, CA 92108

Nearest Landmark: Near Riverwalk Golf Club

Accessibility: Fully accessible with parking and public transit options. Approximately 6 miles from San Diego International Airport (SAN).

Transportation: Accessible via the Green Line trolley and several bus routes.

Operating Days and Hours: Mon-Sat 10 AM - 9 PM, Sun 11 AM - 7 PM

Contact Info: (619) 688-9113

Target Market: Shoppers, tourists, and families.

Best Things to Do/See/Buy: Visit major retailers like Macy’s and Nordstrom. Enjoy the variety of dining options from casual to fine dining. Take advantage of the open-air shopping experience.

Ideal Budget: $50 - $200

5. Stanford Shopping Center - Palo Alto

Stanford Shopping Center - Palo Alto
Image Source: Stanford Shopping Center - Palo Alto

Address: 660 Stanford Shopping Center, Palo Alto, CA 94304

Nearest Landmark: Adjacent to Stanford University

Accessibility: Fully accessible with ample parking and valet services. Approximately 17 miles from San Jose International Airport (SJC).

Transportation: Accessible via Caltrain and VTA bus routes.

Operating Days and Hours: Mon-Sat 10 AM - 9 PM, Sun 11 AM - 6 PM

Contact Info: (650) 617-8200

Target Market: University students, professors, and high-end shoppers.

Best Things to Do/See/Buy: Shop luxury brands like Neiman Marcus and Tiffany & Co. Dine at local favorites such as P.F. Chang’s. Enjoy the beautifully landscaped outdoor spaces.

Ideal Budget: $100 - $300

6. Westfield Century City - Los Angeles

Westfield Century City - Los Angeles
Image Source: Westfield Century City - Los Angeles

Address: 10250 Santa Monica Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90067

Nearest Landmark: Near Fox Studios

Accessibility: Fully accessible with parking and valet services. Approximately 10 miles from Los Angeles International Airport (LAX).

Transportation: Accessible via Metro Bus and near Expo Line.

Operating Days and Hours: Mon-Sat 10 AM - 9 PM, Sun 11 AM - 8 PM

Contact Info: (310) 277-3898

Target Market: Upscale shoppers, tourists, and entertainment professionals.

Best Things to Do/See/Buy: Shop designer brands like Louis Vuitton and Michael Kors. Enjoy gourmet dining at Eataly. Experience the state-of-the-art AMC theater.

Ideal Budget: $100 - $400

7. Westfield Valley Fair - Santa Clara

. Westfield Valley Fair - Santa Clara
Image Source: Westfield Valley Fair - Santa Clara

Address: 2855 Stevens Creek Blvd, Santa Clara, CA 95050

Nearest Landmark: Near Santana Row

Accessibility: Fully accessible with extensive parking. Approximately 5 miles from San Jose International Airport (SJC).

Transportation: Accessible via VTA bus routes and close to I-880.

Operating Days and Hours: Mon-Sat 10 AM - 9 PM, Sun 11 AM - 7 PM

Contact Info: (408) 248-4450

Target Market: Silicon Valley professionals, tech enthusiasts, and families.

Best Things to Do/See/Buy: Explore high-tech stores like Apple and Tesla. Dine at upscale restaurants such as Maggiano’s. Enjoy seasonal events and activities.

Ideal Budget: $75 - $300

8. Santa Monica Place - Santa Monica

Santa Monica Place - Santa Monica
Image Source: Santa Monica Place - Santa Monica

Address: 395 Santa Monica Pl, Santa Monica, CA 90401

Nearest Landmark: Near Santa Monica Pier

Accessibility: Fully accessible with parking and public transit options. Approximately 9 miles from Los Angeles International Airport (LAX).

Transportation: Accessible via Metro Expo Line and Big Blue Bus.

Operating Days and Hours: Mon-Sat 10 AM - 9 PM, Sun 11 AM - 8 PM

Contact Info: (310) 260-8333

Target Market: Beachgoers, tourists, and locals.

Best Things to Do/See/Buy: Shop brands like Nordstrom and Nike. Dine with ocean views at rooftop restaurants. Visit the nearby Santa Monica Pier and beach.

Ideal Budget: $50 - $200

9. Fashion Island - Newport Beach

Fashion Island - Newport Beach
Image Source: Fashion Island - Newport Beach

Address: 401 Newport Center Dr, Newport Beach, CA 92660

Nearest Landmark: Near Newport Beach Country Club

Accessibility: Fully accessible with ample parking and valet services. Approximately 5 miles from John Wayne Airport (SNA).

Transportation: Accessible via OCTA bus routes.

Operating Days and Hours: Mon-Sat 10 AM - 9 PM, Sun 11 AM - 7 PM

Contact Info: (949) 721-2000

Target Market: Upscale shoppers, tourists, and beachgoers.

Best Things to Do/See/Buy: Shop at high-end stores like Neiman Marcus and Bloomingdale's. Dine at renowned restaurants like Fig & Olive. Enjoy the scenic outdoor environment and water features.

Ideal Budget: $75 - $300

10.Westfield UTC - San Diego

Westfield UTC - San Diego
Image Source: Westfield UTC - San Diego

Address: 4545 La Jolla Village Dr, San Diego, CA 92122

Nearest Landmark: Near UC San Diego

Accessibility: Fully accessible with parking and public transit options. Approximately 14 miles from San Diego International Airport (SAN).

Transportation: Accessible via San Diego Trolley’s Blue Line and several bus routes.

Operating Days and Hours: Mon-Sat 10 AM - 9 PM, Sun 11 AM - 7 PM

Contact Info: (858) 546-8858

Target Market: University students, tech professionals, and families.

Best Things to Do/See/Buy: Shop at retailers like Nordstrom and Zara. Dine at diverse eateries from casual to fine dining. Enjoy family-friendly amenities and entertainment options.

Ideal Budget: $50 - $200

Steal

Pronunciation: /stiːl/

Etymology: The word "steal" comes from the Old English "stelan," which is related to similar words in other Germanic languages, such as Old High German "stelan" and Gothic "stilan," all of which mean to take something unlawfully.

Definition:

  1. Verb:
    • To take (another person's property) without permission or legal right and without intending to return it.
      • Example: "He was caught trying to steal a car."
    • To move somewhere quietly or surreptitiously.
      • Example: "She tried to steal away without anyone noticing."
  2. Noun:
    • A bargain; something acquired at a very favorable price.
      • Example: "This designer jacket for $50 is a steal!"

First Use: The verb form of "steal" has been in use since before the 12th century. The noun form, meaning a bargain, is more recent, becoming popular in the 19th century.

Synonyms:

  • Verb:
    • Thieve
    • Pilfer
    • Swipe
    • Purloin
    • Snatch
  • Noun:
    • Bargain
    • Deal
    • Snip (British informal)
    • Buy

Antonyms:

  • Verb:
    • Return
    • Give
    • Restore
  • Noun:
    • Rip-off
    • Overcharge
    • Swindle
Splurge

Pronunciation: /splɜːrdʒ/

Etymology: The word "splurge" likely originated in the mid-19th century, possibly as an alteration of "splurg," which was a dialectal term meaning "to gush or spill out." It reflects the sense of spending money or indulging excessively.

Definition:

  1. Verb: To spend money freely or extravagantly, often on something luxurious or non-essential.
    • Example: "She decided to splurge on a designer handbag."
  2. Noun: An act of spending money freely or extravagantly.
    • Example: "Their weekend getaway was a splurge they had been planning for months."

First Use: The term "splurge" as a verb appeared around the 1850s, with its noun form following shortly thereafter.

Synonyms:

  • Indulge
  • Lavish
  • Spend lavishly
  • Treat oneself
  • Extravagance

Antonyms:

  • Save
  • Economize
  • Conserve
  • Scrimp
  • Frugality

Swipenomics

Pronunciation: /ˈswaɪpəˌnɒmɪks/

Etymology: The term "swipenomics" is a portmanteau of "swipe," referencing the action of swiping on digital devices, particularly in mobile apps like dating apps, and "economics," the social science concerned with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.

Definition: Swipenomics refers to the economic and social dynamics created by the widespread use of swipe-based technologies and applications. It encompasses the ways in which these apps influence consumer behavior, market trends, personal interactions, and broader societal changes. The term is often used to describe the impact of apps that use a swiping mechanism, such as Tinder for dating or swipe-based shopping apps.

First Use: The exact first use of "swipenomics" is difficult to pinpoint, but it likely emerged in the early 2010s with the rise of swipe-based mobile applications, particularly in the context of discussing their economic and societal implications.

Synonyms:

  • Swipe culture
  • Swipe economy
  • Digital interaction economy
  • Mobile app economics

Antonyms:

  • Traditional economics
  • Offline economics
  • Non-digital interaction
  • Analog economy

Window Shopping
Window Shopping Definition

Pronunciation

🔉 /ˈwɪndəʊ ˈʃɒpɪŋ/ | "win-doh shop-ing."

Here's a breakdown of the pronunciation:

"window": pronounced as "win-doh""shopping": pronounced as "shop-ing"

Etymology

‍The term "window shopping" refers to the act of browsing or looking at items displayed in store windows without making any purchases. It combines "window," denoting the glass panels through which products are showcased, with "shopping," indicating the activity of examining goods with the intention to buy.

Definition‍

Window shopping" involves leisurely perusing merchandise displayed in store windows or on shelves without the immediate intention of purchasing. It is often regarded as a recreational or exploratory activity, allowing individuals to admire products, compare prices, and gather inspiration without the commitment to buy.

First Use

‍The concept of window shopping has been a part of urban consumer culture for centuries, with store owners using elaborate displays to attract passersby. The phrase itself likely originated in the late 19th or early 20th century, coinciding with the rise of department stores and the prominence of storefront advertising.

Synonyms

1. Browsing

2. Window browsing

3. Visual shopping

4. Window gazing

5. Strolling

6. Leisurely looking

7. Perusing

8. Observing

9. Window viewing

Antonyms

1. Purchase

2. Buying

3. Shopping spree

4. Consumerism

5. Transaction

6. Retail therapy

Bargain

Pronunciation

🔉 /ˈbɑːɡɪn/ | "bar-gin."

Here's a breakdown of the pronunciation:

"bar": pronounced as "bar""gain": pronounced as "gin"

Etymology

The term "bargain" originates from Middle English "bargaynen," meaning to haggle or negotiate, ultimately derived from Old French "bargaigner," which has roots in Germanic languages. It refers to an agreement or transaction in which parties negotiate terms to reach a mutually beneficial deal, typically involving a lower price or favorable terms.

Definition

A bargain is a transaction or deal in which goods or services are obtained at a lower price or under favorable conditions than usual. It often involves negotiations or seeking out discounts, sales, or special offers to secure a better value for the desired item. Bargain hunting is a common practice among consumers looking to save money or maximize their purchasing power.

First Use

The term "bargain" has been in use since the Middle Ages, reflecting the longstanding practice of negotiation and trade. It gained prominence in the context of retail and commerce, particularly with the rise of market economies and the development of consumer culture.

Synonyms

1. Deal

2. Discount

3. Sale

4. Value

5. Savings

6. Steal

7. Good buy

8. Cut-rate

9. Markdown

10. Special offer

11. Promotion

Antonyms

1. Full price

2. Premium

3. Expensive

4. Overpriced

5. Luxury

6. High-end

7. Extravagant

8. Splurge

9. Retail price

10. Regular price

Shopaholic
shopaholic definition

Pronunciation

🔉 /ˌʃɒpəˈhɒlɪk/ | "shop-uh-hol-ik."

Here's a breakdown of the pronunciation:

"shop": pronounced as "shop""aholic": pronounced as "-uh-hol-ik"

Etymology

The term "shopaholic" is a blend of "shop," denoting the act of purchasing goods, and "aholic," a suffix indicating addiction or strong inclination towards a particular activity. It characterizes individuals who compulsively or excessively engage in shopping, often leading to financial strain or other negative consequences.

Definition

A shopaholic is a person who demonstrates compulsive or excessive shopping behavior, often driven by a desire for acquisition, thrill of the purchase, or emotional gratification. This term is typically used informally to describe individuals who frequently engage in retail therapy or who struggle with impulse control when it comes to shopping.

First Use

The exact origin of the term "shopaholic" is unclear, but it gained popularity in the late 20th century alongside increasing consumerism and the recognition of compulsive shopping as a behavioral addiction. It has since become a colloquial term used to describe individuals who exhibit patterns of excessive or uncontrollable shopping behavior.

Synonyms

1. Compulsive shopper

2. Shopping addict

3. Spender

4. Excessive buyer

5. Compulsive buyer

6. Binge shopper

7. Impulsive shopper

8. Overbuyer

9. Splurger

10. Retail addict

Antonyms

1. Frugal individual

2. Saver

3. Budgeter

4. Financially disciplined person

5. Thrift-conscious shopper

6. Economizer

7. Financially responsible individual

Retail Therapy

Pronunciation

🔉 /ˈriːteɪl ˈθɛrəpi/ | "ree-tayl ther-uh-pee."

Here's a breakdown of the pronunciation:

  • "retail": pronounced as "ree-tayl"
  • "therapy": pronounced as "ther-uh-pee"

Etymology

The term "retail therapy" combines "retail," referring to the act of purchasing goods, with "therapy," suggesting a psychological or emotional benefit gained from shopping.

Definition

Retail therapy" refers to the practice of shopping with the intention of improving one's mood or emotional state. It is often associated with the idea that purchasing items can provide a temporary sense of satisfaction or relief from stress, anxiety, or other negative emotions.

First Use

The exact origin of the term "retail therapy" is uncertain, but it is believed to have emerged in the 1980s, reflecting the cultural shift towards consumerism and the increasing recognition of the psychological aspects of shopping.

Synonyms

  1. Shopping spree
  2. Retail indulgence
  3. Consumer therapy
  4. Retail relaxation
  5. Shopping therapy
  6. Retail escape
  7. Retail relief
  8. Consumer indulgence
  9. Retail binge
  10. Shopping satisfaction

Antonyms

  1. Frugality
  2. Saving
  3. Budgeting
  4. Thriftiness
  5. Financial restraint
  6. Austerity
  7. Economizing
  8. Financial discipline
  9. Prudence
  10. Financial responsibility

Where specifically in Japan has the most stores selling yarn?

For the ultimate yarn shopping spree, Tokyo is your knitting haven! Areas like Nippori Fabric Town boast a concentration of fabric and yarn stores, providing a plethora of options for every knitting enthusiast. Don't forget to explore craft districts in Kyoto and Osaka as well, where hidden gems await the avid yarn hunter.

For more information, Read this article: Best Yarn Stores in Japan

What is Tweed?

Tweed is a durable fabric woven from wool, known for its coarse texture and distinctive appearance. Originally associated with British and Irish traditional clothing, it is warm, moisture-resistant, and versatile. Commonly used in suits, jackets, coats, and accessories, tweed comes in earthy tones with a mottled effect, making it suitable for both casual and formal wear. Its rugged yet sophisticated aesthetic and practical qualities have contributed to its timeless appeal.

What is the mountain range that separates europe and asia?

The mountain range that separates Europe and Asia is the Ural Mountains.

what city of south asia is a world-renowned launching ground for treks in the himalayas?

The city in South Asia that is world-renowned as a launching ground for treks in the Himalayas is Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal.

What is the highest mountain in Asia?

The highest mountain in Asia is Mount Everest. It stands on the border of Nepal and China's Tibet Autonomous Region in the Himalayas and is the tallest peak globally, reaching an elevation of 29,032 feet (8,848 meters) above sea level.

How does a package forwarding service work?

A package forwarding service provides you with a unique address in a specific location (such as the UK or the US) where you can have your purchases from different online stores shipped. Once received, the service repackages and ships the items to your actual address.

Which country has the highest mountain in south america?

The highest mountain in South America is Mount Aconcagua, and it is located in Argentina.

How to soften leather collar

To soften a leather collar, consider applying a leather conditioner, coconut oil, olive oil, or petroleum jelly. Alternatively, lightly dampening the collar with warm water and allowing it to air dry can help. Wearing and flexing the collar also aids in softening over time. Always test any product or method on a small, inconspicuous area first to avoid damage or discoloration, and avoid exposure to excessive heat, sunlight, or harsh chemicals.

What are the Designer Brands?

Designer brands are high-end fashion labels known for their emphasis on quality, exclusive designs, and prestige. Examples include Gucci, Louis Vuitton, Chanel, Prada, Versace, Dior, Balenciaga, and Hermès. These brands are recognized for their luxury products, ranging from clothing to accessories, and are often associated with higher price points due to their craftsmanship and brand identity.

What other NJ thrift has the greatest customer service?

Aside from the list above, you can also check My Biz, Sweet Repeats, Cloey's Closet, Trinity Thrift Shop, Re- Designs Thrift Shoppe, and local garage sales across the street.

Is Zara's return policy the same in all countries?

The return policy of Zara could vary differently according to the country or area in which you made your purchase. The brand makes every effort to keep its return procedures uniform throughout all locations, however regional laws, ordinances, or business customs may be varied.

When is the best time to thrift shop in Tokyo?

Tokyo is already a busy area brimming with tourists, it is a good idea to at least lessen the "competition" with the locals by going on a weekday.

Can tech organizers fit a laptop?

Most of the tech organizers are designed for smaller gadgets like tablets, chargers, and cables. For laptops, consider dedicated laptop sleeves or bags.

What is the best time of year to go shopping in Paris?

The best time for shopping in Paris is during the biannual sales (sales), which take place in January and July. These government-regulated sales periods offer substantial discounts on a wide range of merchandise, making it an ideal time for bargain hunters.

Cherry-pick

To select the best or most desirable items from a collection or group.

Cashback-definition

A refund given to a customer after a purchase, or a credit card benefit that returns a small percentage of the purchase price.

Boutique

A small, exclusive shop that sells stylish clothing or other usually luxury goods.

Zombie Mall

A shopping mall that has a low occupancy of stores and a declining customer base.

Yard Sale

An informal sale of used goods, typically held outside the seller's home.

Vintage

Referring to high-quality products from a previous era that are often second-hand or upcycled.

Trendsetter

Someone who leads the way in fashion or style, often influencing others' shopping choices.

Stockpile

To accumulate a large quantity of goods, often to take advantage of a sale.

Sneakerhead

A person who collects, trades, or admires sneakers as a hobby.

Shopper's High

The euphoric feeling some people get after a successful shopping trip.

Score

To get a good deal or find something you've been looking for, often at a good price.

Rip-off

An item that is overpriced or not worth the money.

Pre-order

To order an item in advance of its release or availability.

Out of Stock

When an item is no longer available for purchase.

On the Rack

Refers to items that are available for immediate purchase in a store.

No-brainer

An easy decision, often referring to a purchase that's clearly a great deal.

Killer

An item of clothing or an accessory that is very stylish or impressive.

Dropshipping

A retail fulfillment method where a store doesn't keep the products it sells in stock.

Wishlist-definition

A list of desired items that a customer may plan to purchase later.

Up-sell

To persuade a customer to buy something additional or more expensive.

Swipe

The act of using a credit or debit card for a purchase.

Stock Up

To buy a large quantity of an item, often when it's on sale.

Shopping Cart

A cart provided by a store for use while shopping, or the virtual equivalent for online purchases.

Restock

To replenish inventory with new or additional stock.

Receipt

A document acknowledging the receipt of goods or services.

Price Match

A promise to match a competitor's price on an identical item.

Loyalty Card

A card used by a retailer to track customer purchases and offer rewards.

Impulse Buy

An unplanned purchase made on a whim.

Gift Card

A prepaid card used as a substitute for cash to purchase goods or services at a particular store or business.

Freebie

An item given for free, often as part of a promotion.

Early Bird Special

A discount offered to customers who shop early in the day or during the first days of a sale.

Door Buster

A special deal or discount offered to attract customers into a store, often early in the morning.

Checkout

The process of completing a purchase, both in-store and online.

Add to Cart

To select items for online purchase by adding them to your virtual shopping cart.

Brick and Mortar

Physical retail stores as opposed to online shopping.

Rain Check

A promise to customers to sell currently out-of-stock items at a later date for the current sale price.

Haul

A large number of items purchased in one shopping trip.

Couponing

The use of discount vouchers to save money on purchases.

Clearance

Sale of goods at reduced prices to clear out inventory.

Pop-up Shop

A temporary retail space that opens for a short period to sell merchandise.

What is unique about the Origani store's atmosphere?

The Origani has a unique earthy and elegant vibe, with a fragrance that blends nature's scents and a visually appealing product display that invites customers to explore and take photos.

For more information, Read this article: Best Skincare Shops in Auckland, New Zealand

Flash Sale

A sale that lasts for a limited time, often with significant discounts.


A "flash sale" is a type of sales promotion characterized by offering discounts on products or services for a short period of time. These sales typically last for a brief duration, often just a few hours or a day, hence the term "flash," which implies something happening quickly or suddenly.

The etymology of "flash sale" is straightforward:

  • "Flash" refers to something happening quickly or suddenly. This term has been used in various contexts to describe events or actions that occur rapidly.
  • "Sale" refers to the act of selling products or services at reduced prices or with other incentives to attract customers.

The combination of these two words, "flash" and "sale," succinctly captures the essence of the promotion: a rapid, short-term offering of discounted goods or services.

The concept of flash sales has become increasingly popular with the rise of online shopping and e-commerce platforms. Retailers use flash sales as a way to generate excitement, create a sense of urgency among customers, and drive immediate sales. These promotions are often promoted heavily through various marketing channels, such as email newsletters, social media, and dedicated websites or apps.

The term "flash sale" became popular with the rise of e-commerce and online shopping platforms in the early 2000s. However, the concept of offering limited-time sales or promotions has been around for much longer, even before the internet era.

BOGO (Buy One, Get One)

A sales promotion where you get an additional item free when you buy one.

"BOGO" stands for "Buy One, Get One." It's a sales promotion technique where if you buy one item, you get another item of equal or lesser value for free or at a discounted price. BOGO deals are commonly used by retailers to attract customers and increase sales. For example, a store might advertise "BOGO: Buy One, Get One Free" or "BOGO: Buy One, Get One 50% Off.

It's possible that "BOGO" started gaining popularity in the latter half of the 20th century as retailers sought ways to succinctly communicate promotional offers to customers.

Markdown

A markdown entails a reduction in price, typically aimed at clearing old stock. It refers to a permanent or semi-permanent decrease in the price of an item, often influenced by factors such as overstock, seasonality, or product discontinuation. This contrasts with a sale, which is a promotional event organized by a retailer wherein prices of goods or services are temporarily reduced.

Sale

Sale is a period when items are offered at reduced prices. During a sale, items are usually discounted from their regular prices, either by a percentage or a fixed amount. Sales can occur for various reasons, such as to clear out excess inventory, celebrate a holiday or special event, attract customers, or increase revenue.