Things to consider when Buying Best Buying Impact Wrenches
When shopping for an impact wrench, it's crucial to consider several factors to ensure you select the right tool for your specific needs. Here are some important points to remember:
Power is typically measured in torque, expressed in Newton meters (Nm). Higher torque numbers indicate greater force. Impact wrenches have a wide range of torque capabilities, usually spanning from 100 Nm to 1,000 Nm.
It's important to note that impact wrenches often feature two torque settings: standard torque and breakaway or nut-busting torque. The latter is used to loosen stubborn bolts by delivering an initial burst of power. Afterward, the tool switches to the standard torque setting for continued operation. For example, a 1,000-Nm impact wrench might have a nut-busting torque of 1,700 Nm.
Here are some torque ranges for different types of impact wrenches:
Compact impact wrenches: These tools typically deliver around 320 Nm of maximum torque, making them well-suited for light applications and tasks that don't require excessive force. Mid-range impact wrenches: Providing around 610 Nm of torque, these tools cover a broader range of industrial-level automotive jobs, offering more power for demanding applications. High-torque impact wrenches: These heavy-duty tools offer a maximum torque of 1,000 Nm, making them suitable for the toughest and most demanding jobs. They are generally heavier and more expensive due to their robust construction and increased power capabilities. Size and Weight
The size of an impact wrench is primarily determined by the bolts it will be used on and the level of torque required for the specific applications. Different sizes of bolts have corresponding impact wrench sizes and torque capabilities. Here's an example:
A large impact wrench with a torque rating of 1,005 Nm is typically suitable for working with M12 to M30 bolts. The "M" followed by a number represents the bolt diameter in millimeters. A 280-Nm impact wrench is commonly used for M8 to M16 bolts, covering a narrower range than the larger wrench. Smaller impact wrench models, with a torque rating of 180 Nm, are designed for working on M8 to M16 bolts as well.
When selecting an impact wrench, it's crucial to consider the size of the bolts you'll be working with to ensure compatibility. An impact wrench too small or oversize for the bolt size may work poorly.
Additionally, consider the ergonomics and weight of the impact wrench. Choose a tool that's easy to handle and use. A lighter impact wrench is easier to use and reduces fatigue. Size, weight, and torque capacity must be balanced. Make sure the instrument is comfortable and easy to use, especially in confined spaces.
Speed and Speed Control
There are impact wrenches with various speeds to tackle different tasks. An increase in speed also means increasing its torque. With this function, you’ll be able to set the ideal speed setting in order to prevent damage caused by too much force. For those battery-powered units, it is worth noting that you’ll simply be wasting your battery when running it at the highest setting, so setting it at the right speed is extremely crucial.
The majority of modern impact wrenches are cordless. Typically, most impact wrenches are 18-volt models, but there are other wrenches available in 12-volt models. Corded models are available in 110V, making them great for site use and all-day power, but they aren’t as powerful as their corded counterparts. This is due to advancements in lithium-ion batteries. The 18V models are the most popular choice, with them having around two times more torque than their corded option. Usually coming with two batteries, you can use one while the other is charging, plus a battery-operated model allows for more versatile movement in awkward spaces.
There are actually only a few sizes available for impact wrenches. These chucks come in 3/8", 1/2", 3/4", and 1" sizes, so be sure that these correspond to the impact sockets on your tool.
Heavy-duty, robust models are made for steelworks due to their high torque output. In the automotive industry, 18-volt impact wrenches are the standard, as they can remove wheel nuts. There are some impact wrenches that are built for scaffolding, but these tools don’t require high torque output. Do note that most manufacturers usually state whether their impact wrench can be used on scaffolding.
The amount of money you’ll be spending on an impact wrench will depend on the type, level of performance, and build quality of the unit you’re purchasing. An entry-level impact wrench starts around $50, while a more high-end model ranges between $300-$500. Cordless models, on the other hand, start at around $100, complete with batteries.
Types Of Impact Wrenches
Choosing the right type of impact wrench is essential for ensuring the efficient completion of your projects. Here are the different types available:
Standard Chuck Impact Wrenches
These wrenches feature a square chuck that holds the sockets in place using a ball bearing, which protrudes from the chuck itself.
Hog Ring Impact Wrench
This type of impact wrench features a hole and rubber ring, holding the socket in place. So that standard sockets can still be used on them, they still feature a square fitting.
Pneumatic Impact Wrenches
These wrenches are the preferred choice for professional settings due to their robust internal components designed to withstand daily use. They offer a remarkable power-to-weight ratio, making them suitable for extended work hours and a wide range of tasks. Professionals often favor pneumatic wrenches because their workshops are typically equipped with an air compressor, eliminating the need for battery-powered tools. This reliance on compressed air significantly reduces overall expenses compared to tools that require batteries, making pneumatic impact wrenches a cost-effective option for professionals.
Cordless Impact Wrenches
One of the top choices for many individuals, cordless impact wrenches are highly favored due to their exceptional maneuverability and convenience. Unlike pneumatic wrenches, they don't require sacrificing floor space or investing in expensive air systems. With continuous technological advancements, cordless impact wrenches are becoming increasingly powerful, making them more than sufficient for the needs of average mechanics and DIY enthusiasts. Although they may not match the power-to-size ratio of their pneumatic counterparts, the versatility and ease of use offered by cordless impact wrenches make them a popular option in various applications.
Corded Impact Wrenches
While not as powerful as cordless or pneumatic impact wrenches, corded models are still of great use to the right person. There are some DIYers that simply need to bust lug nuts and that’s about it, making the corded models a more practical choice compared to cordless or pneumatic impact wrenches. Aside from that, corded models are made for extended hours of use without the need for you to recharge their batteries, making them something that many people still consider.